Fateh Sohrabi1 · Ahmad Sohrabi2 · Narges Shams‑Alizadeh3 · Bruno A. Cayoun4
1Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2Department of Psychology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.
3Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
4MiCBT Institute, Hobart TAS, Australia.
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common metabolic disorder and the most common cause of death in eastern populations, with prevalence estimated to be at the level of epidemic illness. Despite medical attention, psychological factors remain a significant contributor to DM, requiring effective psychological interventions. This study evaluated the effects of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MiCBT) on depression, treatment adherence, and control of blood glucose of 25 Iranian patients (11 males and 14 females, mean age = 45.6) with type 2 DM, randomly assigned to either an 8-session MiCBT (n = 12) or treatment-as-usual (TAU) (n = 13). We present a theoretical conceptualization and detailed step-by-step implementation of MiCBT, and an assessment of its effectiveness in this sample. While no between-group differences were found at pre-treatment on any of the measures, the MiCBT group showed a significantly greater reduction in depression and greater treatment adherence than the TAU group at post-treatment. The MiCBT group also showed a significantly greater blood sugar reduction than the TAU group at 6-week follow-up. Within-group analysis found no significant change on any of the measures for TAU, whereas the MiCBT group reported a significant decrease in depression and increase in treatment adherence from pre- to post-treatment and maintained at 6-week follow-up. Blood sugar reduction also only occurred in the MiCBT group from pre- to post-treatment. Replication studies with larger samples are necessary to confirm these findings and validate the transdiagnostic efficacy and transcultural applicability of MiCBT in type 2 DM.
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Springer journal (Discover Psychology. Volume: 2. Issue: 1. 2021).