| MiCBT Research – Selected Studies

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

Jill Cheever1, Bruno A. Cayoun2, Bradley Elphinstone3 & Alice G. Shires2,4

1 Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2 MiCBT Institute, Hobart, Australia
3 Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia
4 Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Abstract
Objectives
Equanimity is an accepting and non-reactive mental state that has gained increased recognition as a key mechanism of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). The recently developed Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16) provides a measure of equanimity that can be used to assess such interventions; however, to date, evidence of its factor structure and temporal stability is lacking. The present study aimed to provide the first confirmatory factor analysis of the ES-16, and to further examine the validity and test-retest reliability of the measure.

Method
The Qualtrics online platform was used to administer the ES-16 and other questionnaires in order to assess validity and collected demographic information in 395 adults from the general community (76.2% females and 23.8% males). Questionnaires were then re-administered four weeks later to assess test-retest reliability.

Results
Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that one- or two-factor (i.e., Experiential Acceptance, Non-reactivity) models provided adequate model fit with the addition of covariances between semantically similar items. However, adequate model fit was also obtained with a bi-factor model, suggesting that there is an underlying unidimensionality as all items tap into the latent equanimity construct. The ES-16 showed good internal consistency (ω = 0.90); test-retest reliability (n = 161; r = 0.81, p < 0.001) over four weeks; and convergent validity, illustrated by significant correlations in the expected directions with the Two-Factor Equanimity Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale-Short Form.

Conclusions
The present results support previous research showing that the ES-16 is a valid and reliable self-report measure to assess overall trait equanimity. Given the central role of equanimity in MBIs, the ES-16 may also assist in further understanding mechanisms of change in MBIs.

Mindfulness Volume 13 Issue 11, November 2022
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-02029-9

Differentiating Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy clinically: the why, how, and what of evidence-based practice

February 6, 2024

Authors: Sarah E. B. Francis · Frances Shawyer · Bruno A. Cayoun...

Predictive Validity and Response Shift in the Equanimity Scale‑16

December 15, 2023

Authors: Alice Shires · Shana Osborne · Bruno A. Cayoun · Emma...

Reliability, Validity and CFA for Mindfulness Self Efficacy Scale-R (MSES-R) in Urdu Language

September 30, 2023

Authors: Ayesha Shahid Sheikh, Saima Dawood

Effectiveness of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (MiCBT) on body image and emotional regulation in mastectomy patients: a randomized clinical trial

July 10, 2023

Authors: Maedeh Rasouli, Habibolah Khazaie, Yahya Yarahmadi

Efficacy of mindfulness and goal setting interventions for increasing resilience and reducing smoking in lower socioeconomic groups: randomised controlled trial protocol

February 6, 2023

Authors: Reece De Zylva, Elissa Mortimer, Emma Miller, George Tsourtos, Sharon Lawn,...

Confirmation and Validation of the Equanimity Scale-16 (ES-16)

December 4, 2022

Authors: Jill Cheever, Bruno A. Cayoun, Bradley Elphinstone & Alice G. Shires

La MiCBT une nouvelle approche des interventions basées sur la pleine conscience: différences et similarités de 3 thérapies

November 9, 2022

Author: Rima Tarabay

(ES- ویژگیهای روانسنجی نسخه فارسی مقیاس تعادل ذهنی ( 16<br>Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Equanimity Scale 16 (ES-16)

November 7, 2022

Authors: Maryam Rashidian, Ebrahim Dehghani Ashkezari, Dr Bruno Cayoun, Dr Banafsheh Farzinrad

The Equanimity Scale-16

October 31, 2022

Authors: Bruno A. Cayoun, Bradley Elphinstone & Alice G. Shires

Group Mindfulness-Integrated Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MiCBT) Reduces Depression and Anxiety and Improves Flourishing in a Transdiagnostic Primary Care Sample Compared to Treatment-as-Usual: A Randomized Controlled Trial

June 10, 2022

Authors: Sarah E.B. Francis · Frances Shawyer · Bruno Cayoun · Joanne...

Scroll to Top