MiCBT Research (Selected Studies)

Research and Publications on Mindfulness-integrated CBT.

A Pilot Investigation of Mindfulness-integrated CBT for PTSD

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Investigator: Nicholas Laurence, Doctorate of Clinical Psychology Candidate, Massey University, Wellington New Zealand 

Supervisor: Dr Ian de Terte, Massey University, Wellington New Zealand

Co-supervisors: Dr Bruno Cayoun, MiCBT Institute; Dr Chris Stephens, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand    


Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (MiCBT) contains a number of treatment components that evidence indicates to be efficacious in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): exposure, mindful non-reacting, mindful nonjudging, loving-kindness meditation and cognitive reappraisal, which in MiCBT is enhanced by mindfulness training. For these and other reasons, MiCBT may be effective in treating PTSD. The present study aims to provide a preliminary investigation of MiCBT’s efficacy in the treatment of PTSD. A multiple baseline single-case experimental design across participants will be used, as it is a recommended design for initial treatment research before progressing to a randomized controlled trial. Baseline measures will be taken over at least three weeks before the four participants are allocated to begin treatment. The co-ordinating investigator will administer the treatment under the supervision of Dr Ian de Terte, an experienced clinical psychologist with expertise in the treatment of PTSD, and Dr Bruno Cayoun. Measures of PTSD and related symptoms will be taken before, during and after the intervention and in a follow-up assessment three months after the end of treatment. Results will be analysed with visual inspection of graphs and accompanying statistical analyses will determine whether or not an effect was observed, the size of the effect, and whether the effect size can be attributed to the intervention. 

Effectiveness of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on depression, adherence and blood glucose control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Monday, May 26, 2014

Authors: Sohrabi, F 1; Sohrabi, A 2; & Shmas-alizadeh, N 3.

1. M.Sc of Clinical psychology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.,Email: F.sohrabi20@gmail.com  Mob: +98-9189926805    
2. Psychologist. Department of psychology, Kurdistan university, Sanandaj, Iran. Email: Sohrabya@gmail.com
3. Psychiatrist, Department of psychiatry, Kurdistan University of medical sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. Email:Nshamsalizadeh@yahoo.com

This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effects of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MiCBT) on depression, adherence to medical treatment, and control of blood glucose in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Measures included the Beck Depression Inventory, the Adherence to Therapy Scale, and the Glucosilated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) test. Twenty-five patients who met the entrance criteria were randomly assigned to either the 8-session MiCBT program or a control condition. The results showed that participants who attended the MiCBT reported a significant decrease in symptoms of depression (p < .001) and greater adherence to medical treatment (p < .001) than those in the control group. MiCBT participants also showed a degree of reduction on the HbA1c test than the controls, but no statistically significant between-group effect was found (p < .127). Despite our limitations in the application of the MiCBT program, we conclude that MiCBT is a helpful program for the psychological impairment of patients with Type II Diabetes mellitus

Comparison between Effectiveness of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MiCBT) and Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy (REBT) on procrastination, perfectionism and worry in students

Friday, May 23, 2014

Authors: Dr.Banafshe Farzinrad, Mina Nazari Kamal

Institution: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Title: Comparison between Effectiveness of Mindfulness integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MiCBT) and Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy (REBT) on procrastination, perfectionism and worry in students


Introduction: procrastination is common (20-70%) between university students especially in exams season and results in academic failure. Perfectionism leads to procrastination and the worry about procrastinating in doing tasks causes more procrastination. 

Objective : The aim of this research was to compare the efficacy of MiCBT and REBT on procrastination, perfectionism and worry in university students. 

Materials and methods: This study employed quasi-experimental method with pre- test & post-test and follow up. In this research, the independent variable was psychotherapy methods (MiCBT & REBT) and dependent variables were psychotherapy consequences. Population consisted of students who were referred to counseling center of Tehran Universities and sample included 30 students of Iran University of Science and Industry that were randomly divided into two experimental groups (N=15). Convenient Sampling method was used. (MiCBT & REBT packages consists of 13 weekly sessions, each sessions was 150 minutes). Then MiCBT & REBT packages were carried out over weekly 13 sessions of 150 minutes. In this research, the test-takers filled out 4 questionnaires (general procrastination, decision making procrastination, Hill perfectionism and worry domain questionnaires which were developed based on 3times intervals(before psychotherapy, after psychotherapy and 3 months after psychotherapy) to compare effectiveness of the two treatment method. The data was analyzed by Kruskal Wallis test, Wilcoxon & Mann-Whitney U-test and the results were demonstrated in graphic charts.  

Results: The results showed a significant difference (p≤0.05) between pre-test & post-test, post-test & follow up on behavioral, decision making procrastination, negative perfectionism and worry and in favor of MiCBT’s higher effectiveness. But the difference between pre-test & post-test, post-test & follow up on positive perfectionism was not significant (p≤0.05). 

Conclusions: the effectiveness of MiCBT on decreasing of behavioral, decision making procrastination, negative perfectionism and worry, was higher compared to REBT. But both of them had equal effectiveness on positive perfectionism.

Presentation: Poster, presented at 6th International Congress on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

The Effects of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (MiCBT) on the experience of Addiction

Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Submitted by: Kylie Wickham
Supervisor: Dr Bruno Cayoun
Co-supervisor: Associate Professor Greg Hannan
Institution: University of Tasmania, School of Psychology (MPsych research project) 

This randomised controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (MiCBT), compared to Treatment as Usual (TAU), as a treatment for alcohol and other drug (AOD) addiction.  The research was conducted on site at Missiondale Recovery Centre, a specialised drug and alcohol relapse-prevention service in Tasmania, Australia, during 2010 – 2012.

Thirty-four participants completed the eight-week treatment period; and completed self-report questionnaires before beginning treatment, after completing the eight-week treatment period, and at six-month follow-up.  The questionnaires measured:

  • levels of risky alcohol use; 

  • severity of drug abuse;

  •  severity of substance dependence; 

  • symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress; 

  • levels of mindfulness;

  • individuals’ beliefs about who or what is in control of their lives.  

All participants showed improvement on these measures over time.  Participants who received MiCBT exhibited greater improvement over time, in terms of decreases in scores on the Depression scale of the DASS-21, than participants who received TAU.  Participants who received MiCBT also displayed lower levels of severity of dependence than those who received TAU, across all time points.  Differences between groups on other measures failed to reach statistical significance, however an exploration of differences between groups in effect sizes for change over time revealed that MiCBT had an additional effect over and above the treatment effect achieved by TAU.  It was concluded that MiCBT is a viable option for inclusion in AOD treatment programs.

The Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on Cognitive Functioning in healthy older adults: an EEG study

Wednesday, August 01, 2012

Investigator: Caroline Bertrand  

Supervisor: Professor Jeff Summers 

Co-supervisor: Dr Bruno Cayoun 

Institution: University of Tasmania, School of Psychology (MPsych research) 

The aim of this study is to examine the changes in task-related cortical activity of healthy 60 to 85 year-old adults following a 10-week standardised mindfulness meditation program (in the Burmese Vipassana tradition) using Electroencephalography (EEG); Event Related Potentials (ERP) will also be examined. Training of the experimental group has been completed and the data are being analysed. The active control group has undertaken the Active Cognitive Enhancement program.